• 首 頁 《讀者》航空版 關于《讀者》 訂購《讀者》 早期文章 在線投稿 來稿選登 廣告刊登
    論  壇 時代快訊 出版消息 文化動態 健康生活 音  樂 中文教育 讀者心聲
    看 世 界 藝術欣賞 茶  學 飲食文化 關  注 名言警句 幽  默 范子登專欄
    茶與名人
    茶  史
    茶  藝
    茶葉介紹
    茶與養生
    茶業資訊
    茶  器
    茶  畫
    當前位置:首頁茶  學茶  史
    淺談中國茶文化
    來源:中國茶文化網    時間:2011/12/21    閱讀:13420次

       一飲茶溯源

      (一)中華茶文化的悠久歷史

      唐代陸羽《茶經》稱“茶之飲,發乎神農“。傳說“神農嘗百草,日遇七十二毒,得茶而解“。中國是發現與利用茶葉最早的國家,至今已有數千年的歷史。茶樹原產于中國的西南部,云南等地至今仍生存著樹齡達千年以上的野生大茶樹。四川、湖北一帶的古代巴蜀地區據歷史的記載是中華茶文化的發祥地。從唐代、宋代至元、明、清時期,茶葉生產區域不斷擴大,茶文化不斷發展,并逐漸傳播至世界各地。茶,這一古老的飲料,為人類的文明與進步作出了積極的貢獻。

      (二)茶的發現與利用

      中國是茶的故鄉。經過漫長的歷史跋涉,現在茶已經在全世界50多個國家中扎下了根,茶葉已經成為風靡世界的三大無酒精飲料之一。

      如以神農時代開始算起,在中國,茶的發現和利用始于原始母系代族社會,距今大約有五六千年的歷史了。

      二豐富多彩的名優茶

      中國產茶歷史悠久,茶類齊全,花色品種之多稱得上千姿百態、豐富多彩,品質各具特色。從歷史貢茶發展至今,全國21個產茶省、市、自治區生產的茶葉,花色品類達千種以上。西湖龍井、碧螺春、祁門紅茶、大紅袍、凍頂烏龍茶等十大名茶,享譽海內外。品名繁多的名優茶,觀其外型千姿百態,看其湯色五顏六色,嘗其香味濃強鮮醇,風味各異。數百幅名優茶圖譜,會使你大開眼界,更會使你產生最好都能品嘗一遍的欲望。

      三民族飲茶習俗

      中國飲茶歷史最早,所以,最懂得飲茶真趣。客來敬茶,以茶代酒,用茶示禮,歷來是我國各民族的飲茶之道。

      “千里不同風,百里不同俗“。我國是一個多民族的國家,共有56個兄弟民族,由于所處地理環境和歷史文化的不同,以及生活風俗的各異,使每個民族的飲茶風俗也各不相同。在生活中,即使是同一民族,在不同地域,飲茶習俗也各有千秋。不過把飲茶看作是健身的飲料、純潔的化身、友誼的橋梁、團結的紐帶,在這一點上又是共同的。

      漢民族的飲茶方式,大致有品茶和喝茶之分。大抵說來,重在意境,以鑒別香氣、滋味,欣賞茶姿、茶湯,觀察茶色、茶形為目的,自娛自樂,謂之品茶。凡品茶者,得以細啜緩咽,注重精神享受。倘在勞動之際,汗流夾背,或炎夏暑熱,以清涼、消暑、解渴為目的,手捧大碗急飲者;或不斷沖泡,連飲帶咽者,謂之喝茶。

      不過,漢族飲茶,雖然方式有別,目的不同,但大多推崇清飲,其方法就是將茶直接用滾開水沖泡,無須在茶湯中加入姜、椒、鹽、糖之類佐料,屬純茶原汁本味飲法,認為清飲能保持茶的“純粹“,體現茶的“本色“。而最有漢族飲茶“純粹“,體現茶的“本色“。而最有漢族飲茶代表性的,則要數品龍井、啜烏龍、吃蓋碗茶、泡九道茶和喝大碗茶了。

      四飲茶健康

      歷代古籍中記述飲茶有利于健康的論述是很多的。從《神農本草》、《神農食經》到李時珍的《本草綱本》都有很多關于茶作藥用的記錄。明代錢椿年《茶譜》說:“人飲真茶,能止渴消食、除痰少睡、利水道、明目益思、除煩去膩,人固不可一日無茶。“這些茶的功效,確實被以后的醫療科學所證實。因為茶葉中含有很多有利于人體健康的化學成份,現代醫學試驗表明,茶葉的保健功能是多方面的。當然,飲茶也還要講究科學,

      (一)茶葉化學成分及其對人體保健的作用

      茶葉的化學成分是由3.5-7%的無機物和93~96.5%的有機物組成。茶葉中的無機礦質元素約有27種,包括磷、鉀、硫、鎂、錳、氟、鋁、鈣、鈉、鐵、銅、鋅、硒等多種。茶葉中的有機化合物主要有蛋白質、脂質、碳水化合物、氨基酸、生物堿、茶多酚、有機酸、色素、香氣成分、維生素、皂苷、甾醇等。茶葉中含有20-30%的葉蛋白,但能溶于茶湯的只有3.5%左右。茶葉中含有15-4%的游離氨基酸,種類達20多種,大多是人體必需的氨基酸。茶葉中含有25-30%的碳水化合物,但能溶于茶湯的只有3-4%。茶葉中含有4-5%的脂質,也是人體必需的。除這些之外茶葉中富含若干功能性成分,它們的含量及對人體保健的作用起著相當大的作用。

      (二)茶的保健功能

      唐代著名醫學家陳藏器在《本草拾遺》中寫道:“諸藥為各病之藥,茶為萬病之藥“,這雖夸張些,但茶的保健作用確實早已被人們所認識。經現代科學的研究表明,已知茶對人體至少有61種保健作用,對20余種疾病有防治效果。歸納古今中外的研究成果,茶對人體的保健功能約有25項。

      (三)茶之健康

      喝什么茶對健康更有利,不能用一句話來作簡單的回答,也就是說,各種茶葉的營養、藥效成分有一定差異,可適合不同身體條件的人們飲用。比如身體比較虛弱的人,喝點紅茶,在茶中添加點糖和奶,既可增加能量又能補充營養。青年人正處發育旺盛期,以喝綠茶為好。婦女經期前后以及更年期,性情煩躁,飲用花茶有疏肝解郁、理氣調經的功效。身體肥胖、希望減肥的人,可以多喝些烏龍茶、沱茶等。常年食牛羊肉較多的人,可以多喝些磚茶、餅茶等經過后發酵的緊壓茶,有助于脂肪食物的消化。經常接觸有毒害物質的工作人員,可以選擇綠茶作為勞動保護飲料。腦力勞動者、軍人、駕駛員、運動員、歌唱家、廣播員、演員等,為了提高腦子的敏捷程度,保持頭腦清醒、精神飽滿,增強思維能力,判斷能力和記憶力,可以飲用高檔綠茶,諸如各種名優綠茶之類。

      如果單從各種茶葉營養成分和藥效成分的含量比較而言,高級綠茶優于其他茶類。如維生素C、B1和B2,磷、鉀、鋅等礦物質,茶多酚等物質,其含量通常都是高級綠茶高于其他茶。因此,從營養保健的角度而言,喝高級綠茶更有利于健康。

      五茶之禮儀

      (一)客來敬茶應注意事項

      客來敬茶是中國人的一種傳統美德。雖然清茶一杯,然而這是一種高尚的禮儀。客來敬茶應注意如下幾點第一,飲茶場所要清潔衛生,最好有幽雅的氛圍;第二,茶具要與茶類適應,清潔衛生;第三,要向客人介紹茶類茶名,必要時讓客人觀賞一下茶的外形;第四,撮茶切忌用手抓,茶水比例要適宜;第五,品飲時宜緩不宜急,并注意適時添水續泡;第六,能借題發揮,介紹一些有關這種茶葉的產地、風貌、品質特點,更能增添不少情趣。


    〖更多評論〗
    (s44kkinw@gmail.com):
        car  insurance  free  estimates      business  insurace      allergies      insurance  car 
    2014/11/8 14:14:03

    (sf9s909pq@mail.com):
        system      bureau  everything      about  picking      lines  recently      tire  including 
    2014/10/18 6:47:40

    (pcbb3c7f@mail.com):
        fl  home  owners  insurance      insurance  quotes      store  telling      accessed  immediately 
    2014/10/16 0:20:20

    (my9y0cn4@gmail.com):
        control  becomes      auto  insurance      smart  thing      unfailingly 
    2014/7/8 15:41:14

    (h42clfbexw@mail.com):
        constantly  go      locate  cheaper      road  each      car  insurance  quotes 
    2014/7/4 4:19:35

    昵稱: 郵箱: 驗證:
    主題:
    內容:
     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    關于我們 | 聯系我們 | 新方舟簡介 | 友情鏈接 | 收藏本站 | 設為首頁
    《中華人民共和國電信與信息服務業務經營許可證》編號:粵ICP備05140390號
    彩客网 7042004.com | 3136xx.com | www.755907.com | www.1484vip3.com | 9506u.com | www.26878k.com | www.56520s.com | 20550370.com | www.4499nsb.com | 22296cc.com | www.495568.com | www.vipxl.3009300930093009.com | 1636.com | www.39500hh.com | www.633547.com | 28288r.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.508814.com | xpj62904.com | www.5095k.com | www.63iii.com | xhy000.com | www.1368z.cc | www.7777hx.com | 54147711.com | www.959551.com | www.858t.com | 3807ww.com | www.758799.com | www.xpj8840.com | 51133d.com | www.c5836.com | www.65884.com | 3999.com | www.993621.com | www.166663.com | yyh917.com | www.960883.com | www.5504x.com | qjdy004.com | www.215463.com | www.9j3.com | 1259n.com | 3544.am | www.86267s.com | www.1495s6.com | 407.com | www.hy2733.com | www.hf8855.com | 2078.com | www.43131u.com | www.44118f.com | 88850xx.com | 80032233.com | www.68682r.com | www.9411.am | 36407766.com | www.312522.com | www.4196q.com | www.6033u.com | 11001468.com | www.35155s.com | www.44488807.com | mm99911.com | 99044.com | www.pj56899.com | www.88993h.com | 9339999m.com | 8464999.com | www.81608m.com | www.vns4668.cc | 47749p.com | 131365.com | www.50.cc | www.09569e.com | 3568z.com | www.375990.com | www.2021w.com | www.10899b.com | 4002aa.com | www.599046.com | www.88325f.com | www.7669g.net | 9354444.com | www.530391.com | www.681125.com | www.2226358.com | 3568y.com | 444000r.com | www.34788k.com | www.dyjtaiwan.com | 50029988.com | 31325w.com | www.401272.com | www.144235.com | www.69111k.com | o62365.com | 3967j.com | www.hx1184.com | www.009289.com | www.20x0048.com | ggg1915.com | js75ff.com | www.49956c.com | www.20199cc.com | www.664848.com | hjcpjgj.com | 500000816.com | www.2934v.com | www.79095l.com | www.yf2112.com | 99151x.com | hjdc678.com | www.264499.com | www.7714x.com | www.20199tt.com | www.38200o.com | 11c53.com | 3434yyy.com | www.867455.com | www.323195.com | www.552318.com | www.s1043.com | jixiang3.com | 45888c.com | www.83993a.com | www.66530.cc | www.37377e.com | www.g44c.com | www.hg9334.com | qq56988.com | 56787zz.com | 2851l.com | www.898364.com | www.68993232.com | www.4521dh.com | www.257js.com | omp156.com | hhgz98.com | 889345.com | www.500190.com | www.77802l.com | www.38138u.com | www.hg8247.com | www.yh1088.com | 77606h.com | 2466.com | 48286666.com | www.590833.com | www.0601u.com | www.ag9456.com | www.555030.com | www.a30226.com | 6220kk.com | 3807q.com | 5295g.com | 80579g.com | www.326477.com | www.0014v.com | www.hg3155.com | www.z063801.com | www.2945a.com | www.2598567.com | www.d67783.com | 44uu8332.com | 80850ii.com | 3482i.com | 3454777.com | 2004.com | 50038s.com | www.387844.com | www.987jc.com | www.ya2019c.com | www.xpj11882.com | www.vns6605.com | www.tw8888.net | www.1tgpd.com | www.hg9934.com | www.hmgj07.com | zhcp76.com | 08809.vip | p4389.com | 0234t.com | yidali.com | 1705o.com | judingbo0.com | 61789g.com | www.302029.com | www.682542.com | www.055e.cc | www.26163h.com | www.904029.com | www.tai1166.com | www.69567a.com | www.u80288.com | www.mm55826.com | www.hnhdkm.com | www.wsvip0.com | www.346788.com | www.yy6656.com | www.77537g.com | www.4688111.com | www.4123vv.com | 77885003.com | www.88315888.com | www.8520q.com | 81511j.com | 2618h.com | www.yh6008.com | www.jin444.com | 6175q.com | www.wn2028.com | www.js50b.com | www.6033f.com | 50025577.com | www.55123.com | www.v32126.cc | www.63877i.com | www.xgmhh.com | www.1818810.com | www.903833.com | www.beb288.com | www.a4737.com | www.2846x.com | www.dy1199.com | www.yh795.com | www.vns88811.com | www.111153.com | www.8jjzyz.com | www.hnhdkm.com | www.901148.com | www.7796877.com | www.06387733.com | www.55717h.com | www.87668n.com | www.26163l.com | www.c3714.com | www.623660.com | www.230966.com | 3131c.cc | 22207a.com | 4036i.com | 99909n.com | qq40033.com | 3245q.com | biying970vip.com | www.msc55.com | www.sands6789.com | www.jy738.com | www.cn365v.com | www.087u.com | www.32123q.com | www.862803.com | www.196807.com | 50020088.com | 4647a.com | jj1915.com | 0080h.com | www.xw1122.com | www.zjlygm.cn | www.668cp55.com | www.0012.com | www.89911.cc | www.444627.com | 5004v.com | zhcp59.com | 3957p.com | 51335h.com | www.108075.com | 11qq8332.com | hhh40033.com | js38886.com | www.29886j.com | www.y4042.com | www.982935.com | www.78700j.com | www.769289.com | bet056vip.com | 1592i.com | 6150f.com | www.966345.com | www.65581.com | www.y8863.com | www.29277q.com | www.335015.com | 4449193.com | sss4165.com | www.hg9998.com | www.755988.com | www.7225a.com | www.32123j.com | www.161570.com | oo44442.com | 33382cc.com | www.8xinhao.com | www.185hwx.com | www.087i.com | www.858776.com | 346892.com | w4389.com | www.bobifa.net | www.173434.com | www.4809f.com | www.878466.com | mgm3242z.com | 8956789.com | www.09569h.com | www.b35ii.com | www.51331b.com | www.35918v.com | 9646a.com | 55155s.com | www.dz2899.com | www.4625.am | www.805272.com | 4052l.com | wnsr8808.com | www.3170004.com | www.s2894.com | www.cp8005.cc | ylg2566.com | yhqinghai.vip | www.mh988.net | www.642486.com | www.598074.com | 796666.com | 444p1.cc | www.8582hh.com | www.78949g.com | 98955d.com | r67890.com | www.msc55.com | www.y8863.com | www.708609.com | 4018ii.com | 61652r.com | www.8516.com | www.hx2088.com | 69111f.com | www.958351.com | 19991o.com | 4066gg.com | www.4963ll.com | www.yi654.com | 5004oo.com | 3121cc.com | www.8839zz.com | www.1777ac.com | ss2649.com | 58801.com | www.hg8hh.com | www.927699.com | c388u.com | www.1818810.com | www.47506q.com | www.564880.com | e15666.com | www.xpj130.com | www.bmw1022.com | 9964wz.com | c89ew41.com | www.5966ggg.com | www.7782j.com | 1592.com | www.7893w13.com | www.780780b.com | js58123.com | feicai0719.com | www.rycp051.com | www.918356.com | aaa8996.com | www.z47.cc | www.04088.com | 59599b.com | www.188589.com | www.838957.com | 132ag88.com | 922310.com | www.xpj5959.com | www.444079.com | 33aa8332.com | www.mhcpgw.com | www.643388.com | l4212.com | www.1156oo.com | www.152012.com | 7555v.com | www.642222.com | www.5xca.com | 4445.ag | www.7770011.com | www.979673.com | 4461d.com | www.v1186.com | www.df94.com | 22098d.com | www.56655c.com | www.622207.com | www.3116f.com | 66300vip48.com | 256777m.com | www.77789yh.com | 66115003.com | www.54549966.com | www.60108f.com | 72550.com | www.5550515.com | www.938537.com | 00773rr.com | www.tyc8138.com | 54141122.com | www.y5578.com | www.16065j.com | 3559zz.com | www.hg9509.com | www.919227.com | 80368tt.com | www.6880zz.com | feicai0537.com | www.7653.cc | www.58870t.com | y61.com | www.615073.com | www.082710.com | www.aicaiaa.com | www.6011888.com | 88021e.com | www.70852a.com | www.376817.com | 459825.com | www.yh75060.com | 111122ss.com | www.gd68199.com | www.35155o.com | www.85770n.com | www.66652m.com | cc3405.com | www.673888p.com | 4880s.com | www.vns799.com | www.690477.com | vn13588.me | www.0270e.com | 1552666.com | www.pj5060.com | 30019e.com | www.20989.com | www.153328.com | www.xpj6666.cc | www.6832q.com | 678888.vip | www.68365p.com | 2jsaaa.com | www.19019z.com | 068789.com | www.665888001.com | www.77802v.com | www.h7788c.com | www.twcp06.com | www.887771.com | h47479.com | www.50024p.com | 3522hh.com | www.win1238.com | 40033j.com | www.88325h.com | 878365.com | www.tyc8138.com | 58222cc.com | www.27363w.com | 44488n.com | www.17035.com | 56988k.vip | www.hg7211m.com | 9789886.com | www.89hghg.com | www.81678v.com | www.54146666.com | www.040435.com | www.32126y.net | www.223559.com | www.0860p.com | www.278965.com | www.70777.com | www.250680.com | www.v456456.com | www.106096.com | www.982333.com | 9464004.com | www.266555a.com | 5lc8.com | www.kjlhc.cc | 2013022.com | www.bwinyz41.com | tongbo831.com | www.86339y.com | 4036777.com | www.rfdc01.com | 228888z.com | www.2109w.com | www.8901z.com | www.628867.com | www.77117076.com | 00774qq.com | www.552226.com | hy846.com | www.15595.com | 36402244.com | www.889601.com | le888a.com | www.866367.com | www.88807y.com | 21vnsvns.com | www.27363n.com | 30006z.com | www.42456655.com | hh308.com | www.gczj6.com | www.a0055.com | 54549955.com | www.3846w.com | 86everpower.com | www.1434s.com | wfcp777666.com | www.cb2588.com | www.7111n.com | nf6655.com | www.7415vv.com | 5856e.com | www.36788j.com | www.pjbeijing.com | www.77210a.com | www.3122d.com | hk6686.cc | www.9895z.com | mm00558.com | www.en06.com | www.1zbvip.com | u14666.com | www.ag3377.com | 2127ee.com | www.786587.com | www.88051.net | 00228.com | www.5856878.com | 91019g.net | www.62118a.com | www.58665s.com | 167605.com | www.77dwj.com | www.33600.com | 500000436.com | www.81608i.com | www.3435z.com | yun968.com | www.89677t.com | df8r.com | www.534680.com | www.lb22222.com | yhc998.com | www.3126c.com | www.hg1996.cc | hg2018.cc | www.99788j.com | www.4107m.com | 6999009.com | www.h6620.com | www.xj5577.com | zh8865.com | www.hbet98.com | www.ssd1117.com | 9030w.com | www.5446i.com | 54443g.com | 33995156.com | www.a63568.com | www.88jt09.com | long2268.com | www.55676u.com | www.ao699.com | 7874.cc | www.1128229.com | www.4444wnsr.com | 5360i.com | www.6653i.com | www.777307.com | 6002r.com | www.093wy.com | www.667686.com | 40033yyy.com | www.389044.com | www.293988.com | 35252y.com | 83378j.com | www.48330x.com | www.76543z.com | v9s.com | www.008ac.com | www.0477msc.com | 1383840.com | www.51515o.com | www.839282.com | www.66666vns.com | 4340k.com | www.85gcw.com | www.jjjj003.com | 61325599.com | 7605y.com | www.a98478.com | www.hg58.pw | 55323i.com | www.532918.com | www.06820a.com | www.jz977.com | 1665rr.com | www.08czj.com | www.5m5.com | 7935y.com | 52688j.com | www.5854r.cc | www.58665t.com | 22556p.com | 365644.com | www.3416w.com | www.3846m.com | 26444z.com | 8449tt.com | www.6tdc.com | www.89599x.com | www.jtx888.com | 99995309.com | www.666055.cc | www.6687z.com | www.c22365.com | 4488ooo.com | www.011225.com | www.37377q.com | www.81776.com | 5443.com | aa6.com | www.985026.com | www.hgdc400.com | www.hg0051.com | lswjs808.com | haolemen.cc | www.61233l.com | www.h456x.com | www.tyc654.com | ty77711.com | www.349077.com | www.6889772.com | www.25000c.com | 2306q.com | 88535y.com | www.547577.com | www.55717k.com | www.667686.com | 77p88.cc | b7742.com | www.040435.com | www.99638b.com | www.cp009.vip.com | www.28758f.com | 3568j.com | zhcp72.com | www.636by.com | www.91779d.com | www.140955.com | 3844rr.com | w88984.com | www.324177.com | www.120168.com | www.98698e.com | www.00618o.com | 80368pp.com | 67877l.com | www.329477.com | www.84499j.com | www.4446ccc.com | www.9679n.com | 64111n.com | js14.com | wzdongbao.com | www.csgc2.com | www.js56772.com | www.cctv577.com | www.yh1133.com | JS1388f.com | h5429.com | 22hh8332.com | www.ck5589.com | www.077578.com | www.27363w.com | www.hg1688.biz | 2677bbb.com | 7599zz.com | 55555004.com | www.108065.com | www.3668s.com | www.vns33.me | www.7779833.com | www.6555567.com | 99306b.com | 6261.com | 500089v.com | 0208xx.com | www.670369.com | www.99677j.com | www.565636.com | www.008520.com | www.z30226.com | x86400.com | 60688.cc | yhw0.cc | 67890ppp.com | www.178625.com | www.fo54.com | www.bet73r.com | www.40288.com | www.rg6.vip | www.7338007.com | www.341188.com | 8290t.com | 11c53.com | 30006.cc | 921250.com | js395.com | www.351376.com | www.akw4.com | www.91233c.com | www.0600r.cc | www.06617a.com | www.blg888.com | www.hg5519.com | www.hg430.com | 56988o.vip | 983888a.com | 444167.com | 8827ttt.com | l15666.com | 6220dd.com | www.001879.com | www.576734.com | www.hx6606.com | www.25688f.com | www.4923w.com | www.68365a.com | www.469700.com | www.28000v.com | www.tyc328.com | www.35789.com | www.223aa.net | www.222380.com | www.bet365607.com | www.yh1088.com | 3938ee.com | ab2ab.com | 3844j.com | hg77740.com | 25288k.com | afcp09.com | 7555r.com | q4389.com | 0612b.com | 65561155.com | cutepacking.com | ii00558.com | o21148.com | 6601.com | 6543sun.com | 38238m.com | 3644q.com | hggjtg2.com | 20773322.com | sxpj62579.com | 3016aaa.com | 4255ee.com | 9958999.com | 4812.com | 30171177.com | 2997771.com | 915901596.com | 67888w.cc | 4955d.com | 11005l.com | 71234444.com | 009900h.com | 5219v.com | 0434388.com | 5295uu.com | www.55555t.com | www.wn0003.com | www.wi222.com | www.yh201444.vip | www.h7788f.com | www.f333js.com | www.22444100.com | www.05044.com | www.992msc.com | www.998855m.com | www.38345x.com | www.biying960vip.com | www.516088.com | www.479.com | www.js520988.cn | www.75538b.com | www.2155.cc | www.894450.com | www.420421.com | www.77210e.com | 11v111.com | 19927.com | ppp1915.com | yun555.com | 8547jj.com | 2544b3.com | www.814suncity.com | www.551701.com | www.rf615.com | www.1919msc.com | www.53094444.com | www.1116yl.com | www.wd05.cc | www.3552e.com | www.657666.com | www.36788u.com | 021717.com | feicai0858.com | 34n35.com | 2247i.com | www.b3654.com | www.9x0048.com | www.56774.com | www.4996ly.com | www.33522s.cc | www.50080n.com | www.920959.com | www.81520i.com | xpjbak1.com | 8988ee.com | yhshanghai.vip | www.aicaicc.com | www.ra8804.com | www.rcw058.com | www.621233.com | www.ttcp88.co | www.777337.com | www.32123d.com | aa33332.com | 992222v.com | 22556m.com | www.4853c.com | www.5966eee.com | www.lhg5555.com | www.86267r.com | www.701495.com | 922664.com | 8381j.com | 50067d.com | www.v2788.com | www.xj2233.com | www.06386644.com | www.77803m.com | www.594883.com | jnhpjx.com | 4955p.com | 65005w.com | www.22js66.com | www.00772q.com | www.139975.com | www.711863.com | yin3131.com | 4488i.com | 6600mmmm | www.88606.com | www.20677.com | www.7793d.com | www.50064v.com | 6487www.com | 2677www.com | www.lianhua1.com | www.7415pp.com | www.0270i.com | www.364077.com | 5443q.com | 4809m.com | www.v445566.com | www.bwinyz27.com | www.33598s.com | www.50052v.com | shenqibc.com | d8504.com | www.208178.com | www.78885.com | www.912254.com | by301.com | bet99339.com | www.56520a.com | www.88166q.com | www.33598f.com | 1775hh.com | 4255www.com | www.32126d.net | www.808888i.com | www.yh76a.com | www.186792.com | 407ll.com | www.k88883.com | www.04tyc.com | www.bet73k.com | www.90848a.com | 8448.com | www.8494v.com | www.d526688.com | www.32123l.com | 7935a.com | 027bk.com | www.ok755.com | www.0600c.cc | www.599830.com | d8159.cc | www.3435b.com | www.565560.com | www.06500w.com | 4632299.com | wns4.net | www.767c.cc | www.6664588.com | 3616d.com | 00774kk.com | www.1859005.com | www.hg7022.com | www.359932.com | n2490.com | www.87680a.com | www.733487.com | www.551030.com | 5019kzc.com | www.29856.com | www.77781yh.com | www.609715.com | 2021t.com | www.f4737.com | www.640268.com | www.346177.com | 1h-9.cc | www.pj3678.com | www.5856867.com | kaixinbo.cc | 8569855.com | www.39555.com | www.36788m.com | nnn5144.com | 9421tg15.com | www.a69096.com | www.669548.com | 01234c.com | www.349989.com | www.6613699.com | 5757394.com | 168cp-w.com | www.30hga.com | www.744418.com | 0471sands.com | www.pj3678.com | www.179158.com | 76886a.com | 9778h.cc | www.704905.com | www.187515.com | 22299qq.com | www.hjcp9999.com | www.hm3666.com | 141237.com | www.7607600.com | www.65707f.com | 23800.com | www.4107e.com | www.ejylc17.com | 85288app.com | www.797xj.com | www.5446t.com | 37688i.com | amjsc02.com | www.79095a.com | 59js.com | feicai010.com | www.390292.com | www.39500o.com | 87665h.com | www.4058uu.com | www.081506.com | 30006c.com | www.04567c.com | www.163135.com | 3169u.com | www.80188n.com | sss006.com | feicai0979.com | www.y6087.com | 4694r.com | www.yh66604.com | www.7249r.com | 2338090.com | www.m22365.com | www.80065p.com | 00773c.com | www.122hg.com | www.flcb4.com | spj01.com | www.c44aa.com | www.329209.com | 3178x.com | www.69567y.com | 4195b.com | www.6807788.com | www.96386s.com | 8294y.com | www.64566j.com | www.652623.com | 33313o.com | www.689660.com | 5003s.com | www.35359193.com | www.66621j.com | xhy000.com | www.k00444.com | www.362477.com | 3434qqq.com | www.548185.com | j15jj.com | www.hd2894.com | www.802837.com | 0652n.com | www.3421d.com | am51335.net | www.3775677.com | www.825799.com | 8036v.com | www.087q.com | 4123zz.com | www.ms488.com | www.593411.com | 3169s.com | www.28891b.com | 33.sb | www.rgcp.com | 2139.com | www.4972jj.com | www.w459.com | 25288j.com | www.792085.com | y7063.com | www.91088.com | bwin990.co | www.hjdc2000.vip | www.6fa500.com | 58533333.com | www.99094l.com | y8381.com | www.twcp04.com | yh888n.com | www.701707.com | www.708270.com | 77665156.com | www.65707d.com | 4025m.com | www.8905i.com | 00774oo.com | www.baifu42.com | 11229193.com | www.amdc0066.com | www.223268.com | www.pj6653.com | www.985576.com | 2698r.com | www.32123b.com | 2757h.com | www.4923h.com | 5651h.com |